Odjeci bitke kod Sigeta i mita o Nikoli Šubiću Zrinjskom u umjetnosti : (glazba, likovne umjetnosti, književnosti)

Publication Type:

Conference Proceedings

Authors:

Source:

Muzikološki zbornici, Hrvatsko muzikološko društvo, Zagreb, p.443 (2018)

ISBN:

9789536090600

Keywords:

Battle of Szigetvár, Nikola Šubić Zrinjski in arts

Abstract:

<p>The Battle of Szigetvár (1566) is considered to be one of the crucial points in Croatian history, as well as the commander of the fortress, Nikola Šubić Zrinski (in Hungarian: Zrinyi Miklós) is among its main historical figures. They both did not become what they have been ever since because the battle itself developed in an unusual way, but because owing to circumstances by which the battle, in only a couple of years, outgrew its historical importance and became a myth to be perpetuated and even strengthened in the centuries to come. Although the final issue was a military defeat, the moral victory of the Szigetvár defenders became a model of self-sacrifice for one’s own homeland, people and ideals which was intended to be implanted in the hearts and minds of individual members of a nation in both the proto-national times (before 19th century) and in the times when nations were formed as primary cultural and later also political communities (from 19th century on).</p><p>The production of artistic artefacts began almost immediately; however, throughout the period prior to the 19th century, folk, didactic and heroic poems and epics were the most numerous, followed by dramatic texts and chronicles. During the 19th century primacy passed to musical compositions (operas, marches, symphonic poems) and works of visual arts (paintings, sculptures). In this period Zrinski became also a national symbol in struggle for freedom, thus making art entering the sphere of politics.</p><p>This Proceedings contains 21 articles by Croatian and three articles by foreign scholars (from Italy, Hungary, USA), encompassing four areas (general history, musicology, art history and literary history) and covering a span of four centuries. Special value lies in the fact that single articles have shown international popularity of the topics under consideration not only in the 16th (which was already well known) but also in the 19th century. It should be pointed out that the aim of the conference was not the deconstruction of the Zrinski myth, but to gather under one roof works in various areas which contain it, and to try to explain it in relation to processes within the arts and outside of them, often related to political discourses and narratives, which contributed to its creation.</p>